Area: Malabar Region (Northern Kerala), Southern Bharat (India)
Cause of Death: Murder of Men, Women and Children, Rape, Starvation, Flaying People Alive, Burning People Alive, Throwing Injured People into Wells
Responsible: Moplah or Mappilah Muslims (Khalifat Supporters)
Death Count: 10,000+
Time Period: 1836 - 1921
Dharmic Faiths Tageted: Hindu's
The Riots Which Lasted Almost a Century!
The Malabar Rebellion which is also known as the Moplah riots were a series of armed revolts by Moplah muslims primarily targeted against Hindu landlords but also at the British rulers of India at the time. Although they were called 'Riots' they lasted for almost a hundred years and culminated in the Malabar Rebellion in 1921 which saw thousands of Hindu's massacred. They were initially painted as a class rebellion, but later actions by the Moplah's clearly indicate this was a targeted attack against Hindu's
Who were the Moplahs?
Muslim traders from Arabia had arrived in Kerala as early as the 9th century AD way before Muslim armies would invade Northern India. The current rulers allowed them to settle and continue trading. Many of these traders, which were almost completely made up of men went on to marry Hindu women. The decedents of these marriages came to be called Moplah's or Mapilla's, meaning 'Son in Law' in Malayam. During invasions from Genocidal Muslim leader,
Tipu Sultan, the Moplah's showed their true loyalty and sided with Tipu in his rage against Hinduism. They also forcefully converted many Hindu's which were absorbed into the Moplah community, leading to the Moplah's actually being made up largely of converted Hindu's rather being Arab descendants.
Later invasion by Hyder Ali, once again demonstrated the loyalty of Indian converts to Islam when they took Ali's side against the very neighbours that called them as family. This time the Moplah's started a campaign of violence against Hindu's which saw them fleeing to neighbouring area's to flea persecution and forced conversions.
System of Land Ownership
The traditional land system in Malabar meant the primary landlords were Hindu Brahmins, who would then cascade both responsibilities and a share of the harvest to other communities within the social hierarchy. Although the Moplah's were once wealthy traders, their wealth had declined as Arab-India trade declined. Within the system of land ownership, they were cultivators of the land, seen as peasants.
The Khilafat Movement was started in 1919 by Indian Muslims in support a Muslim Caliphate in Turkey. It only lasted a few years as the Ottoman Caliphate soon collapsed in 1922 as an idea as Turkey pursued other ideals. But in India it found support from Ghandi and the Indian National Congress Party, even seeing an alliance between them in 1920. The alliance seeded Jamia Millia Islamia, a large muslim university within India. As the movement fizzled out, it's growth enabled the Muslim League to gain an even stronger foothold in India.
These parties went on to demand India be split according to religions, breaking off East and West Pakistan. However the wide scale ethnic cleansing and genocide of Hindus and Sikhs in both Pakistan and Bangladesh would suggest that a grave mistake was made that cost millions of Hindu's their lives. Ghandi even once said: "brave God-fearing Moplas who were fighting for what they consider as religion and in a manner which they consider as religious " whilst commanding Hindu's not to react to Muslim violence against them.
To this day there are no monument's to the Hindu's of all Varna's that were specifically targeted, only the British troops that lost their lives putting down the Malabar Rebellion and surprisingly to the very leader of the Khilafat movement that was directly responsible for thousands of Hindu deaths.
Ghandi's Absolute Non Violence Movement - For Hindu's only!
But it is possible that your Ladyship is not fully apprised of all the horrors and atrocities perpetrated by the fiendish rebels; of the many wells and tanks filled up with the mutilated, but often only half dead bodies of our nearest and dearest ones who refused to abandon the faith of our fathers; of pregnant women cut to pieces and left on the roadsides and in the jungles, with the unborn babe protruding from the mangled corpse; of our innocent and helpless children torn from our arms and done to death before our eyes and of our husbands and fathers tortured, flayed and burnt alive; of our hapless sisters forcibly carried away from the midst of kith and kin and subjected to every shame and outrage which the vile and brutal imagination of these inhuman hell-hounds could conceive of; of thousands of our homesteads reduced to cinder-mounds out of sheer savagery and a wanton spirit of destruction; of our places of worship desecrated and destroyed and of the images of the deity shamefully insulted by putting the entrails of slaughtered cows where flower garlands used to lie or else smashed to pieces; of the wholesale looting of hard-earned wealth of generations reducing many who were formerly rich and prosperous to publicly beg for a piece or two in the streets of Calicut, to buy salt or chilly or betel-leaf - rice being mercifully provided by the various relief agencies.
Their wanton and unprovoked attack on the Hindus, the all but wholesale looting of their houses in Ernad etc, the forcible conversion of Hindus in the beginning of the Moplah rebellion and the wholesale conversion of those who stuck to their homes in later stages, the brutal murder of inoffensive Hindus without the slightest reason except that they are "Kafirs" or belonged to the same religion as the policemen, who their mosques, burning of Hindu temples, the outrage on Hindu women and their forcible conversion and marriage by the Moplahs.
Viceroy, Lord Reading
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